We should remember those who came before us, their stories, 
and the sufferings they endured

 

                                                    Anthony (Sassienie) Steel

 

This section is dedicated to our family members who fought
and fell fighting for their country

 

Honouring all our past and present family war veterans
 

 

All images are copyrighted and the property of the contributors

 

Wolf Jacob Sasieni

1795 - 1869

Dutch military

 

 

Click to view full size army enlistment certificate

 

Mutual ancestor


David Sasieni

1896 – 1967

Born London, England
 

3rd South African Infantry B Coy Reinforcements
 

                     
Photo: Taken from 1920 edition of the British Jewry book of honour

Click photo to view army service record

 

Branch two


Harry Lewis
Father-in-law of Morris Sidney Sassienie

The London/Scottish 1st /5th Battalions Royal Fusiliers
 

The battle of Mons

August 22-23 1914
 

During the day in the trenches a German sniper sometimes pinned us down. One of the easiest ways to discover the position of a sniper was to baronet one of the frequently passing rats and hold your baronet with attached rat up high. At most times the German sniper would take a shot at it, giving away his position.

Harry Lewis



Photo: Mons battlefield, Belgium 1914

 

Video - The Great War 1914 - 1918

War Walks, The Battle of Mons explained with Professor Richard Holmes

 

Professor Richard Holmes

1946 - 2011

Click photo to view details of Professor Richard Holme

 

In Memory Of Harry Lewis
 1896 - 1985

 

Branch one parent of spouse


Morris Sidney Sassienie.
WW2, Battle of Britain

 

 



 


 

In the summer of 1940 the German Luftwaffe launched a series of air raids on Britain which would change the course of the war. With the German navy too small to control the English Channel long enough to stop an invasion fleet crossing, the Luftwaffe were given the task of neutralising the RAF protected airspace over Southern England and pave the way for an invasion of England. Defending the British shores were the young pilots of the RAF, (Royal Air Force) ready to save their homeland from destruction in their country’s greatest hour of need.
 

The young men of the Essential Maintenance Division of the Royal Air Force also played a vital part in the Battle of Britain and through the whole of the Second World War. These highly skilled engineers were literally on call 24 hours per day to ensure that aircraft, including fighters, bombers and all aircraft pertaining to the RAF were regularly maintained, serviced, repaired and ready for action as and when required. Without the skills of the men of the Essential Maintenance Divisions the RAF would not have been able to sustain Britain’s air defences and sorties over the occupied countries.

Morris Sidney Sassienie volunteered for service in the home guard at the age of 17 in 1939. Morris was already a semi skilled engineer at that time. In 1940 at the age of 18 Morris was drafted into the Royal Air Force – (Essential Maintenance Division) for his skills as an electrical engineer. He served in the division from 1940 until 1944, then Morris was sent on special duties to the Island of Gibraltar as a prison guard securing the incarceration of Italian and some German POW`s. Morris Sassienie was chosen for this task due to the fact that he was fluent in Italian, French and some middle eastern languages.
 

Video - Battle Of Britain Newsreels

Morris Sidney Sassienie

(1922 – 2009)
 

In Memory Of
Morris Sidney Sassienie and his contribution of these photographs

 

Branch one


Stanley Sasine

Descendant of Solomon Wolf Sasiene & Rebecca Zwart



Stanley Sasine was part of a group of World War two soldiers called Merrill's Marauders. They were tasked with getting the Japanese out of Burma, now Myanmar. Today at 86 (2011) Stanley was one of the few who survived to see the Merrill's Marauders last battle.
 

History
 

Merrill’s Marauders (named after Frank Merrill or Unit Galahad, officially named the 5307th Composite Unit (provisional), were a United States long range penetration special operations unit in the South-East Asian sector of World War two which fought in the Burma Campaign. The unit became renowned for its deep-penetration missions behind Japanese lines, often engaging Japanese forces much superior in number.

 

In early 1944, the Marauders were structured into light infantry assault units, with mule transports for their 60 mm mortars, bazookas, ammunition, communications gear and supplies. Although the 5307th's three battalions were equivalent to a regimental-size unit, their crude heavy weapons support meant the force had a combat power less than that of a single regular American infantry battalion. Due to the lack of heavy weapons support, the unit had to rely on flexibility and surprise to fight and overpower considerable larger Japanese forces.

 

In February 1944, in an offensive designed to disrupt Japanese offensive operations, three battalions in six combat teams (coded Red, White, Blue, Khaki, Green, and Orange) marched into Burma. On February 24 1944, the force began a 1000-mile march across the Patkai region of the Himalayas and into the Burmese jungle behind Japanese lines. A total of 2,750 Marauders entered into Burma.

 

 

 

While in Burma the Marauders were usually substantially outnumbered by troops of the Japanese 18th division, but always inflicted many more casualties than they suffered.

 

In a little more than five months of combat the Marauders had advanced 750 miles

through some of the harshest jungle terrain in the world, fought in 5 major engagements (Walawbum, Shaduzup, Inkangahtawng, Nhpum Ga, and Myitkyina) and engaged in combat with the Japanese Army on thirty-two separate occasions, including two conventional defensive battles with Japanese forces for which the force had not been intended or equipped. Battling enemy soldiers, hunger, fevers and  disease, the Marauders had traversed more jungle terrain on their long-range missions than any other U.S. Army formation during World War two.

 

The men of the Merrill's Marauders enjoyed the rare distinction of each soldier having

been awarded the Bronze Star. In June 1944, the 5307th Composite Unit (provisional)

was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation.

 

        PVT Stanley Sasine in Northern Burma 1944

 

Below: Stanley Sasine has told his story to his grandson, Adrian Sasine in a recorded interview.
 

I want to warn family members that some details mentioned in this interview are described
in graphic detail and may be unsettling to some listeners


Video - A World War two soldier tells his grandson the full story of his war injury

 

Stanley Sasiene War records

Click to view


Research and information by Adrian Sasine and some additional information by Anthony Steel

With thanks & appreciation to
Adrian Sasine for his kind contribution of this recorded interview to
the Sassienie Worldwide Family Website

 

Branch four


Jacob (Johnnie) Pennamacoor

1915 – 2000

Son of Betsy Sasiene & Isaac Pennamacoor

 

Jacob (Johnnie) Pennamacoor age 18 – England 1933

 

Jacob (Johnnie) Pennamacoor was part of a group of British World War two soldiers called the Chindits, No 9 Royal Army Medical Corps [22224506]They were tasked with getting the Japanese out of Burma, now Myanmar. He remained in the army as a Regular soldier until 1952.

 

The Chindits was the largest task force of World War two, known officially in 1943 as the 77th Indian Infantry Brigade and in 1944, the 3rd Indian Infantry Division, they were a British India "Special Force Unit" that served in Burma and India in 1943 and 1944 during the Burma Campaign in World War Two. The brigade was formed to put into effect Orde Wingate's newly developed guerrilla warfare tactic of long-range penetration. The Chindits were trained to operate deep behind Japanese lines, and their operations were marked by prolonged marches through extremely difficult terrain with underfed troops weakened by malaria and illnesses such as dysentery. Men suffering from dysentery often went naked or with split trouser seams to allow for the uncontrollable discharges that seeped from their racked bowels.

         

The 77th Indian Infantry Brigade, otherwise known as the Chindits, were the creation of British Brigadier  Orde Charles Wingate serving under Archibald Wavell, the Supreme Commander of the Far Eastern Theatre in India. The name was suggested by Captain Aung Thin (DSO) of the Burma Army. Chindit is a corrupted form of the Burmese mythical beast Chinthé or Chinthay, statues of which guarded Buddhist temples.

 

Each man was supplied with and carried more than 72 pounds (33 kg) of equipment, which was proportionally more than the support weapons and other stores the mules were carrying. This personal equipment included seven days' rations, a machete or Gurkha kukri knife, personal weapon, ammunition, grenades, groundsheet, a change of uniform and other assorted items that were carried in an Everest carrier, which was essentially a metal rucksack frame without any pack.

 

On 8 February 1943 in Operation Longcloth, 3000 Chindits and including Orde Charles Wingate began their march into Burma.  Once in Burma, Wingate repeatedly changed his plans, sometimes without informing all the column commanders. The majority of two of the columns marched back to India after being ambushed by the Japanese in separate actions. After some railway attacks, Orde Charles Wingate decided to cross his force over the Irrawaddy River. However, the area on the other side of the river turned out to be inhospitable to operations. Water was difficult to obtain and the combination of rivers with a good system of roads in the area allowed the Japanese to force the Chindits into a progressively smaller box.

 

In late March 1943, Wingate made the decision to withdraw the majority of the force, but sent orders to one of the columns to continue eastward. The operations had reached the range limit of air supply and prospects for new successful operations were doubtful considering the Japanese pressure. The columns were generally left to make their own way back to India. On the return journey the most difficult actions involved crossing back over the Irrawaddy River. The Japanese had observers and patrols all along the riverbank and could quickly concentrate once an attempt at a crossing was detected. Gradually all the columns separated into small groups. Wingate's headquarters returned to India on its own ahead of most of the columns. Throughout the spring and even into the autumn of 1943 individual groups of men from the Chindits made their way back to India. The army attempted to do all what they could for the men. In one case, an aeroplane was landed in an open area and wounded men were evacuated by air. Part of one column made it to China. Another portion of the men escaped into the far north of Burma, others were either captured, killed or died.

 

By the end of April 1943, after the mission of three months, the majority of the surviving Chindits had crossed the Chindwin River, having marched between 750–1000 miles. Of the 3,000 men that had begun the operation, a third (818 men) had been killed, taken prisoner or died of disease, and of the 2,182 men who returned, about 600 were too debilitated from their wounds or disease to return to active service. Of the remaining men, Wingate practically hand picked those few he would retain, while the rest were put back under the normal army command structure as part of their original battalions.

 

During operations, the Chindits had suffered heavy casualties: 1396 killed and 2434 wounded. Over half had to be hospitalised and put on special diets afterwards. As bad as the numbers had seemed, those suffered by the force in 1943 were proportionally much higher.

 

The healthy were sent to training camps to await new operations, however, when the army command evaluated the men and equipment required to return the Chindits to operational status, it was decided to transform the force into an Airborne Division in India. Beyond direct replacements, it was known that the British element of the Chindits would be decimated in 1945 by the need to repatriate personnel who had served more than four years overseas.

 

Within the early months of 1945, several of the brigade headquarters and many of the veterans of the Chindit operations were reformed into the 14th and 77th Infantry Brigades and merged into the 44th Airborne Division (India), while the force headquarters and signals units formed the core of Indian XXXIV Corps. The Chindits were finally disbanded in February 1945.

 

 

 

 

 

This was one of Orde Wingate's Chindits in Burma, returned from a 1943 deep-penetration mission behind Japanese lines, which was among the epics of the war in the east. They marched hundreds of miles, always hungry, often falling prey to tropical diseases, knowing that if they became badly wounded they must be shot as there was no means of evacuating casualties, and no man could be left to the savagery of the Japanese. The Chindits' losses were fearful, but they raised the morale and prestige of Britain's and America`s armies in Asia by proving that they could survive and fight in the jungle on level terms with the enemy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Video - The Chindits, including the Merrill's Marauders - Full Documentary

 

Branch one


Morris Barnett MBE, 1914 - 1998
Son of Julia Sasienie & Lewis Barnett


 

Despite normally happy at being at the centre of attention, Morris Barnett was most modest when it came to his wartime exploits. He was colour blind ... and in bomb disposal! In fact, at the end of the war, he was in charge of clearing bombs, mines, booby traps etc from the whole of Holland and was awarded an M.B.E. F/Lt O/C 6223 BD Squad.

 

Video - How to deactivate a bomb

 

Photo and information from: colour blind in bomb disposal! www.bbc.co.uk


Branch four


Herman Sassieni

Critically Injured during Battle W.W.1

 


 

Hero of the Somme
 

HERMAN SASSIENI was born September 1884 in Whitechapel, London, England, and died February 8, 1918 in Army.  He married Louisa Reynolds June 1905 in Bethnal Green, London, England.  Wounded in battle and later died from injuries incurred.
 

                 

 

Below is full details described with original documents,
from enlistment into army forward to the widows pension
:

 


Click to view

 

Video - Filmed and Forgotten Soldiers of WW1


In Memory Of Herman Sassieni
 1884 - 1918

 

Branch two


Nathaniel (Nat) Norman Sassieni and wife, Jane (Jennie)
 Norfolk Regiment

 

Rank, private –  Norfolk Regiment 38th- 40th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers, First World War

The First World War saw the Regiment expand from three regular battalions and three territorial battalions to as many as 16 battalions. The rapid growth of the British army and the burgeoning casualty rates as the war progressed, meant that men from other areas, particularly London and Essex joined the Norfolk Regiment and men from Norfolk found themselves in regiments from around the country.
 

Recruiting was not swift in Norfolk, partly because war broke out during harvest time. But in September 1914 large numbers joined. There was another peak late in 1915 prior to conscription.
 


 

During the war morale was becoming low with the troops.

This is when the creative talents of Nathan Sassieni became a valuable asset to the army.
 

Low Morale, No Victory. The First World War will be a war that shall always be remembered with tragic thoughts. This was to be the first war in which a soldier could rarely see his enemy. One would just shoot his gun and hope for the best. Trenches played a major role in this war. In fact the whole war in Europe revolved around trench warfare. This was not the only war to use trench warfare, but it was a much bigger conflict than any of the others. Soldiers lived, ate, slept, fought and died in the trenches. This drove some men insane. The British troops were forced to stay in big muddy ditches and listen to thousands of shells explode around them in a hope that the Germans would be beaten. The Germans were just trying to outlast the bombardment and were awaiting an attack from the British infantry. This must have affected morale a great deal.
 

Nathan Sassieni was renowned for his great sense of humour and musical talents. Little did he know when he enlisted at the beginning of the war just how valuable his talents would become towards helping the war effort.
 

Morale amongst the soldiers was at crisis level and entertainers like Nathan Sassieni were highly sort after by the army commanders. Nathan Sassieni would regularly entertain his comrades in arms both within the battle areas and on the home front back in England.
 

In Memory Of
Nathan (Nat) Sassieni
 1896 - 1975

 

With thanks & appreciation to
Paul Sassieni for his kind contribution of this photograph and poster to
the Sassienie Worldwide Family Website

 

Branch one


Alec Stern
 Husband of Doris Marie Sassienie
 


England 1947
 

Alec Stern served with the Tower Hamlets Rifles, 1939 to 1946, which became a unit of the famous Desert Rats during World War two. Fought in the Desert Campaign under General Montgomery. In 1941 his unit was ambushed by the German Afrika Corp in Benghazi Libya and captured Alec with eighteen other soldiers. Transferred to the Italians and held prisoner of War in Italy from 1941 to 1943, later transferred to Germany and worked as a forced labourer on Germany’s railways until liberated by the Americans in 1945. (Photo, converted to colour by Farley David)

 

In Memory Of
Alec Stern
 1919 - 2012

 

With thanks & gratitude to Alec Stern for his kind permission to publish his wartime experiences on
 the Sassienie Worldwide Family Website
and his contribution to the Sassienie family tree
 

Branch one husband of family member


Fanny (Fay) Barnett and husband Edwin

Fanny (Fay) Barnett, daughter of Juila Sasiene and Lewis Barnett
 

A family in service during World War two

Husband Edwin


Volunteered and joined the Royal Air Force at the beginning of the war ranked as an officer. In 1943 Edwin was

located to India where he was stationed for 11 months.
 

During the war, daughter Evelyn, sang and entertained the children at the American Red Cross headquarters in London, England as well as performing in concerts put on for the adults and service people whilst she and her sister Gillian were living as evacuees in Devon, England.

Photo: Singer - Evelyn, girl sitting next to her - sister Gillian and Fanny Barnett was the pianist.


With thanks & appreciation to
Gillian for her kind contribution of these photographs and details to
the Sassienie Worldwide Family Website

 

Branch four


Clara Pennamacoor and husband David Isaacs
Clara Pennamacoor daughter of Betsy Sasiene and Isaac Pennamacoor


England World War two

1st and 2nd Battalions The Buffs (East Kent Regiment)

 

>

In 1665 saw the formation of the Holland Regiment that was merged into the army of Charles II-although the regiment does date back to 1572 from the 'trained bands' of men of the city of London serving in Holland to free the United Provinces from Spanish domination. This ancient link gave the regiment the privilege of marching through the City of London "Drums beating, colours waving and bayonets fixed". In 1669 they became known as the Prince of Denmark's Regiment. 1747 saw the name "Buffs" come into popular usage from the colour on the facings of the uniform - becoming part of the official title by 1751 as "The Buffs" or 3rd Regiment of Foot. A second battalion of the regiment was operational from 1803 to 1949.

 

Photo: The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) in pursuit of German forces, Italy, June 1944

 

 

With thanks & appreciation to Diane Isaacs for her kind contribution of this photograph to
the Sassienie Worldwide Family website

 

Branch one


Irene Kaas, husband Henry Karpel and daughter, Barbara
Irene Kaas granddaughter of Miriam (Mary) Sassienie and Aaron Kaas


England 1942
during World War two

 

Henry Karpel - left at back

Aberdeen, Scotland - 1942 during World War two

 

In 1939 at the start of WW2, Henry Karpel voluntarily joined the Pioneer Corps. There he was trained as a combat medic in the infantry division and was later sent to Aberdeen in Scotland based at a military hospital in the city.

 

 

 

From the moment Germany invaded Poland and Britain and France declared war, Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, prepared for what was to become known as, Scotland at war. With the country's many factories, coalmines, engineering works and shipyards, Scotland was the industrial stronghold for the British war effort and became a prominent target for the enemy. The German Luftwaffe bombed Clydebank, Glasgow, Greenock, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee in a series of air raids from June 26, 1940 until the last attack almost three years later in April 1943. Thousands of people died and tens of thousands were left homeless in the wake of Scotland at war.

 

At the beginning of 1939, the Department of Health in Scotland started to prepare for Scotland at war. They set to work planning the evacuation of Scotland’s most vulnerable citizens before what they believed would be an inevitable Blitzkrieg attack. Although evacuation was voluntary, on  August 31, 1939 the order came to ‘Evacuate Forthwith’. Children gathered at their local primary schools carrying their gas masks, toothbrushes and a change of underclothes. After walking to their nearest railway station they were evacuated to secret destinations – Glaswegians were sent to Perthshire, Kintyre and Rothesay, while Edinburgh children were sent to the Borders or the Highlands. At the end of the year the feared Blitzkrieg hadn’t happened and three quarters of the evacuees returned home.

 

       

Scotland blitz between 1940 and 1943

Henry Karpel would have been witness to these events and having treated casualties in his capacity as a medic

 

The Pioneer Corps was a British Army combatant corps used for light engineering tasks. It was formed in 1939 and amalgamated into the Royal Logistic Corps in 1993. Pioneer units performed a wide variety of tasks in all theatres of war, including stretcher bearing, handling all types of stores, laying prefabricated track on beaches and effecting various logistical operations. Under Royal Engineers supervision they constructed airfields, roads and erected bridges; including the construction of Mulberry Harbour and laid the Pipe Line Under the Ocean (PLUTO).

 

In the early part of World War II the Pioneer Corps was apparently the only British military unit in which enemy aliens often dubbed "The King's Most Loyal Enemy Aliens"—could serve. Thousands of German and Austrian nationals joined the Pioneer Corps to assist allied war efforts and the liberation of their home countries. They typically were Jews and political opponents of the Nazi Regime who had fled to Britain, including film production designer Ken Adam, writer George Clare and publisher Robert Maxwell.

 

Later, some members of Pioneer Corps transferred to serve in various fighting units. Some were recruited by the Special Operations Executive (SOE) to serve as secret agents and were parachuted behind enemy lines. After the Scotland blitz in 1943, Henry Karpel was stationed in the Hebrides for the remainder of World War II probably as part of the home defence force to guard against a German invasion. The Hebrides consists of inner, outer and several Scottish islands. Life for the servicemen in the Hebrides during the later part of WW2 would have been harsh, isolated and living in almost prehistoric conditions. 1939-1945 – The Second World War resulted in the loss of many island men, mainly serving in the Royal and Merchant Navy. Afterwards a further exodus of more local people emigrated to Canada, USA and mainland Scotland.

 

     

The Pioneer Corps, part of a home defence force – Hebrides, Scotland 1944

 

 

On 28 November 1946, in recognition of their performance during the Second World War, King George VI decreed that the Pioneer Corps should have the distinction "Royal" added to it’s title.


With thanks & appreciation to Barbara Karpel for her kind contribution of these photos and army details to
the Sassienie Worldwide Family website

 

Branch one

                 

DMCA.com

Webmaster - Anthony (Sassienie) Steel - Email: sassienieanthony@gmail.com - Copyright © Protected - All rights Reserved 2017